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Facts about Sydney: History, Climate, Landmarks and More


From its world-famous port and gorgeous natural surroundings of the Blue Mountains, through to its booming arts, cultural, and nightlife sectors, the world-famous city of Sydney has heaps to offer.

With more than 5 million people living in the metropolitan region, there’s an abundance of culture and history to discover from this coastal city. Join us as we take a closer look at these interesting facts about Sydney.

A brief history of Sydney

George_Street_Sydney_1883Starting out as a penal colony, Sydney was founded in 1788, when the first British fleet consisting of 1,000 settlers (most of whom were convicts) docked on the shores of Australia.

The Sydney Observatory, the Australian Museum, Sydney Town Hall, and the Queen Victoria Building were all constructed in the 1850s as the city flourished. A gold rush in the mid-nineteenth century also contributed to the city’s growth.

Sydney became the capital of the Australian state of New South Wales when the Commonwealth of Australia was established in January 1901, and through accelerated industrialization, the city grew swiftly.

Despite the great depression, the famed Sydney Harbour Bridge (which connects the city’s northern and southern banks) debuted in 1932, taking 1,400 workers eight years to finish the project.

Following WWII, Sydney continued to grow, and successive waves of European and Asian immigration resulted in a cultural melting pot. New skyscrapers began to appear in the 1960s, with the renowned Opera House following in 1973.

More recently, the Sydney Olympics in 2000 sparked a new wave of tourism and immigration, as spectators fell in love with the city. Millions of tourists visit Sydney’s shores each year, making it one of the world’s most popular tourist sites.

Sydney climate

sunSydney is located at 34 degrees south latitude and has an average mean temperature of 22 degrees Celsius (72 degrees Fahrenheit) in January and 13 degrees Celsius (55 degrees Fahrenheit) in July.

The annual precipitation averages 47 inches (1,200 mm) and is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. With brief tropical deluges in summer (December–February), the most rain occurs in late autumn and the least comes in early spring.

There are a few days in each year where winds from the desert hit Sydney, making the temperature skyrocket.


Sydney City Layout

Greater Sydney runs from the Blue Mountains in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the southern shores of Lake Macquarie in the north to Botany Bay in the south.

Although just around a third of this territory is classed as urban, the urban area is home to the vast majority of the region’s people.

Sydney is unique in that it is nearly completely surrounded by dozens of national and regional parks, as well as many leisure areas.

National parks within the city limits include Sydney Harbour, Garigal, and Lane Cove, with Kur-ring-gai Chase National Park to the north, and Botany Bay and Royal national parks to the south.


Sydney Population and Demographics


Sydney has a metropolitan population of 2.7 million and a population of around 170,000 within the inner city. Of the two main financial, trade and cultural centres of Australia (the other being Melbourne), it is home to a range of different demographics.

Founded by the British, the majority of Sydney residents are still of British and Irish ancestry. However, in the years following WWII, Australia welcomed a considerable number of immigrants from various European nations and Asia, including Lebanese, Arabic, Chinese, Turkish, and Vietnamese nationals.

This is why many of the inner suburbs have a particular Greek or Italian flavour, and ethnic eateries can be found in practically every neighbourhood.

In terms of religion, The Anglican and Roman Catholic churches (each with its own cathedral) are the two main religious denominations in Sydney, although there are also many mosques, synagogues, and temples.


Industry in Sydney

sydney-citySydney is known across the world for its capabilities in the financial and professional services, information technology, health, education, and research industries.

Sydney is also home to more than 600 global corporations with operations in Asia and the Pacific. Cooperative research centers, centers of excellence, specialised research centers, and medical health institutes all support these industries.

The digital and information communication technology (ICT) sectors in Australia are headquartered in Sydney. The Sydney Startup Hub, the Southern Hemisphere’s greatest start-up powerhouse, is located in the harbour city. Sydney is the preferred site for 60 of Australia’s 64 banks, as well as several of the country’s main industry groups, financial institutions, and insurers.


Famous Landmarks in Sydney, Plus Awesome Facts

There’s a lot to do and see in the city, but here is a quick look at some of the more popular and famous destinations:

Sydney Opera House Facts



Sydney Harbour Bridge Facts


Taronga Zoo Facts

Facts About Sydney Tower

sydney-towerA truly “stand-out” landmark, in the city, it is known as Sydney’s tallest structure and the second tallest observation tower in the whole of the Southern Hemisphere. Here are some other facts:


Facts about Darling Harbour



Facts about Bondi Beach


Other facts about Sydney


Other Great Sydney Guides


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